Keyword Driven Framework In Selenium Tutorial
The basic working of the keyword driven framework is to divide the test case into four different parts.
Keyword driven framework in selenium tutorial. Download the selenium project files for the demo in this tutorial. Each keyword represents a user action or function that we would like to test in the application. Anyways for this framework. With the advent of selenium and more mature tools that are open source and configurable flexible we can create object repository with one single line in some cases.
These set of code are known as keywords and hence the framework is so named. In keyword driven framework keywords are written in some external files like excel file and java code will call this file and execute test cases. These keywords describe the set of actions that is required to perform a specific step. The keyword driven testing framework is an extension to data driven testing framework in a sense that it not only segregates the test data from the scripts it also keeps the certain set of code belonging to the test script into an external data file.
Framework design principles in this tutorial we will learn how to set up hybrid keyword driven framework. The keyword driven framework is a technique to externalize keywords actions that are used in the script in a separate object repository here it is a java class file which will give positive outcomes like increased code reusability reduced script maintenance and higher portability. We will interchangeably use the words keywords and modules here. A keyword driven framework in selenium is a collection of keywords that are used to write test scripts step wise in the form of table and functions are called based on keywords to complete an end to end flow.
Keywords are blocks of functionality that achieves a certain purpose. I called it with the prefix hybrid because originally it is just a keyword driven framework but when we implement data driven technique in it it can be called hybrid keyword framework. Keyword driven framework example home selenium tutorials keyword driven framework example in this framework keywords are developed which are equal to a unit level functionality. Object repository as the name suggests is a repository that contains the objects we want to interact with.
Take a look at the selenium beginners guide here. Keyword driven framework is a type of functional automation testing framework which is also known as table driven testing or action word based testing. It is an independent framework which perform automation based on the keywords specified in the excel sheet. The hybrid framework is a mix of keyword driven and data driven framework.
The amount of functionality and the scope of what resides inside a keyword is a matter of discretion and domain knowledge.
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